Hate crime and hate speech
Related Library Items
- Hate crimes 2010 in Sweden
- Hate crime statistics in Sweden 2009
- Hate crime statistics in Sweden 2008
- Hate crime statistics in Sweden 2007
Related Case Studies
- Report shows that nearly 5,800 hate crime cases were reported to the police in 2010
- A total of 3,536 hate crime complaints were submitted to the Swedish police in 2007
Hate crime / hate speech
is any criminal offence where the balance of evidence suggests that the victim has been targeted because of their race/ethnicity, religion/belief, nationality, gender/gender identity, disability, age, sexual orientation or any other actual or perceived (immutable) difference.
Hate incidents are incidents that do not necessarily constitute a criminal offence but cause alarm, distress or harassment where the balance of available evidence suggests that the victim has been targeted because of their race/ethnicity, religion/belief, gender/gender identity, nationality, disability, age, sexual orientation or any other actual or perceived (immutable) difference.
Hate crimes and incidents can also be directed at whole communities – for example desecration of graveyards, vandalism of places of worship, offensive graffiti in public places, or acts of terrorism.
Hate crime can include verbal abuse, threatening behaviour, offensive graffiti, harassment, malicious communications, damage to property and violence. This includes incidents committed on the grounds of:
- · Race / skin color
- · Ethnic identity/origin
- · Nationality or immigration status
- · Religion/belief
- · Gender or gender identity
- · Sexual orientation
- · Age
- · Disability
- · Social position
(in grey shade: not covered by the RED project)
Hate speech can be seen as a particularly serious form of hate crime.