Hate crime statistics in Sweden 2009Statistics of reports to the police where the motivation for crime includes ethnic background, religious faith, sexual orientation or transgender identity or expression A summary of report 2010:12
Statistics of reports to the police where the motivation for crime includes ethnic background, religious faith, sexual orientation or transgender identity or expression A summary of report 2010:12
In 2009, just over 4,100 hate crimes motivated by xenophobia/racism were reported, which is approximately 100 less reported incidents than the previous year. Unlawful threats/molestation is the most common xenophobic/racist hate crime (42 percent). The proportion of perpetrators that were customers, clients or service personnel was higher for crimes motivated by xeno- phobia/racism that it was for other motives.
In 2009, 780 reports were assessed to contain a primary offence with Afrophobic motive, which represents an increase by 19 incidents since 2008. Unlawful threats and molestation represent 39 per cent of all Afro- phobic hate crimes reported, which makes this the most common crime category. Violent crime (25 per cent) and defamation (19 per cent) are the next most common types of crime. The smallest crime categories for this motive are unlawful discrimination (2 per cent).
In 2009, 163 reports were identified as having a primary offence with an anti-Roma motive, which represents a decrease by 15 incidents since 2008. Unlawful threats and molestation represent 48 per cent of all anti- Roma hate crimes reported, which makes this the most common crime category. Typical for this motive is unlawful discrimination as a type of crime that occurs commonly (15 per cent). Defamation, violent crime (13 per cent respectively) and agitation against ethnic or national group (8 per cent) are the next most common types of crime. Criminal damage (2 per cent) is less common.
In 2009, just less than 600 reports with an antireligious motive were identified, which is approximately the same level as last year. Anti-Semitism hate crimes have increased, whilst Islamo- phobic and other antireligious hate crimes have declined. Of all reported antireligious hate crimes, 42 per cent were assessed to be anti-Semitic, 33 per cent Islamophobic and 25 per cent other antireligious hate crimes. Agitation against ethnic groups is more common in anti-Semitic hate crimes, and criminal damage/graffiti is more common in other antireligious hate crimes compared with other hate crimes. In total, 50 per cent of the antireligious hate crimes were cleared up. 4 per cent were personally cleared up and the remainder technically cleared up.
In 2009, 1,060 hate crimes because of sexual orientation were identified. Of these, just fewer than 1,040 had a homophobic motive. Compared to 2008, hate crimes because of sexual orientation is at approximately the same level as last year. Every fourth homophobic, biphobic or heterophobic hate crime is a violent crime.
In 2009, 30 reports were identified as having a transphobic motive as their primary offence, which is 16 more incidents than the previous year.
Source: The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå), http://www.bra.se/extra/measurepoint/?module_instance=4&name=Summary_Hate_crimes_2009.pdf&url=/dynamaster/file_archive/110513/79d18399ee4ee888fcb7c8e006ca8429/Summary%255fHate%255fcrimes%255f2009.pdf