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Is there evidence of particular difficulties faced by migrant/minority groups in purchasing or renting property of their choice?

Key Area:
Housing & Segregation
Discrimination, Equality
25/01/2013 - 15:47
Short Answer

Yes. In the area of housing, the degree of discrimination remains significant.

Qualitative Info

In the area of housing, the degree of discrimination remains significant as several studies show. According to a study conducted by the social scientist Emsal Kılıç [1], discrimination exclusively occurs due to the foreign sounding name [4, p. 17 ff.].
Further, the AGG features shortcomings as it contains exceptional regulations that limit prohibition of housing discrimination on grounds of ´race` or ethnic origin. Discriminatory treatment is allowed in order to maintain socially stable housing structures and a ‘balanced mixture concerning the economic, social and cultural composition of a neighbourhood’ [3].
Although the housing situation of migrants has improved in the last few years, migrants have to pay a higher rent, have less per-capita living space and lesser ownership rates compared to persons without a migration background [2, 43 ff.].



  1. Emsal Kılıç, Diskriminierung von Migranten bei der Wohnungssuche- eine Untersuchung in Berlin, Schriften der Landesstelle für Gleichbehandlung- gegen Diskriminierung, Berlin 2010.
  2. Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge, BAMF) (2008), Daten zu Wohnverhältnissen und innerstädtischer Segregation von Migranten, Working Paper 21,, Accessed on 12.12.2011, p.43f.
  3. General Equal Treatment Act (Allgemeines Gleichbehandlungsgesetz, AGG), 14.08.2006,, Accessed on 30.11.2011.
  4. Hieronymus, Andreas/ Fögen, Ines/ Mehreoglu, Yücel/ Kröger, Justin, ENAR Shadow report 2009/2010 - Racism and Discrimination in Germany,, Accessed on 05.01.2012, p. 17f.
Groups affected/interested Migrants, Roma & Travelers, Ethnic minorities, Religious minorities, Linguistic minorities, National minorities
Type (R/D)
Key socio-economic / Institutional Areas Housing
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