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Are there legal definitions of racist incident and racist violence?

Key Area:
Anti-racist Crime Legislation & Implementation
27/12/2011 - 15:36
Short Answer


Qualitative Info

There are no legal definitions of racist incident or racist violence as such, but the Penal Code contains the definition of genocide and discrimination on the ground of race.

 Genocide  occurs where, in the enforcement of a concerted plan aimed at the partial or total destruction of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, or of a group determined by any other arbitrary criterion, one of the following actions are committed or caused to be committed against members of that group: 

 - wilful attack on life;

- serious attack on psychological or physical integrity;

- subjection to living conditions likely to entail the partial or total destruction of that group;

- measures aimed at preventing births;

- enforced child transfers.

Other crimes against humanity are deportation, enslavement or the massive and systematic practice of summary executions, abduction of persons followed by their disappearance, of torture or inhuman acts, inspired by political, philosophical, racial or religious motives, and organised in pursuit of a concerted plan against a section of a civil population.

Discrimination comprises of any distinction applied between natural persons or any distinction applied between legal persons by reason of their / their members' origin, sex, family situation, physical appearance or patronymic, state of health, handicap, genetic characteristics, sexual morals or orientation, age, political opinions, union activities, or their membership or non-membership, true or supposed, of a given ethnic group, nation, race or religion.

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