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Discrimination on the grounds of race, ethnic origin and/or religion is prohibited in all the areas provided for by the EU Directives?

Key Area:
Anti-discrimination Legislation & Implementation
10/01/2012 - 03:53
Short Answer


Qualitative Info


The Law on Equal Treatment irrespective of Race or Ethnic origin N. 59(I)2004 (transposing the Racial Equality Directive) prohibits discrimination on the ground of race/ethnic origin in the fields of: Access to employment, working conditions, training, membership of, involvement in organisations, social protection, social advantages, education, goods, services, housing. The mandate of the Equality Body however is much wider, covering discrimination in all fields and on all grounds (The Combating of Racial and other forms of Discrimination (Commissioner) Law N. 42(I)/2001, article 6(2)(e)).

The exceptions are those provided by the Racial Equality Directive, i.e. genuine and determining occupational requirement  (Law on Equal Treatment in Employment and occupation 58(I)/2004, Article 9); differential treatment on the ground of nationality, differential treatment and entry and stay of third country nationals and stateless persons (Law on Equal Treatment irrespective of Race or Ethnic origin N. 59(I)2004, article 4(2)).


Groups affected/interested Migrants, Refugees, Asylum seekers
Type (R/D) Islamophobia, Afrophobia, Arabophobia, Anti-roma/zinghanophobia, Religious intolerance, Inter-ethnic, Intra-ethnic
Key socio-economic / Institutional Areas Anti-discrimination, Anti-racism
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