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If there is a legal provision on racist motivation as an aggravating factor, how often is it applied? What kind of sanctions/penalties are issued?

Key Area:
Anti-racist Crime Legislation & Implementation
12/01/2012 - 00:10
Short Answer

The provision in question has never been applied so far.

Qualitative Info

The law containing the provision that racist motivation is an aggravating factor (Law on Combating Certain Forms and Expressions of Racism and Xenophobia by means of Criminal Law N.134(I)/2011) was enacted in October 2011 and has never been applied so far. Very few cases containing a racial element were ever examined by Cypriot courts, as the prosecution authorities tend to prosecute for offenses unrelated to racism or not to prosecute at all.

Groups affected/interested Migrants, Refugees, Roma & Travelers, Muslims, Ethnic minorities, Asylum seekers
Type (R/D) Extremism - organised Racist Violence, Anti-migrant/xenophobia, Anti-semitism, Islamophobia, Afrophobia, Arabophobia, Anti-roma/zinghanophobia, Religious intolerance, Inter-ethnic, Intra-ethnic, Nationalism
Key socio-economic / Institutional Areas Policing - law enforcement, Political discourse -parties - orgs, Anti-racism
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