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Sport: Is hate speech ground for sanctions to sport clubs and applied/applicable in practice?

Key Area:
Public Life, Culture, Sport & Media
19/01/2012 - 20:29
Short Answer

Formally, most sports associations' statutes in Slovenia don't refer explicitly to hate speech as the grounds for imposing sanctions, but contain more general rules. However, in practice santions have been imposed for racist chanting.

Qualitative Info

According to the available data, the statutes of the national sports associations in Slovenia, except of basketball, are of general nature and do not speciffically address racism. In spite of this, two cases were identified in football where sanctions have been imposed due to racist misconduct involving fans. In 2009, in the case of chanting "Kill, kill Hungarians" during the football match in the first national league, the Football Association of Slovenia imposed sanctions on the host club. The club was fined with 1,640 EUR on the grounds of the security services bad work and the fans' misbehaviour. According to the sanction, the FC Maribor fans shall be forbidden access to stadium for the next home match if they fail to provide excuses in written to the rival club and its fans.

On generally, the associations are given mandate to impose disciplinary sanctions agaist sports clubs. The Association Act, which was the basis for the establishment of a substantial majority of sports associations in Slovenia, stipulates that an association may be banned if involved in racist misconducts.

There are no special regulations related to racism in sports. However, the current legislation contains provisions that are applicable to sports as well, including the Act Implementing the Principle of Equal Treatment, transposing the Racial Equality Directive.


Racism, ethnic discrimination and exclusion of migrants and minorities in sport: A comparative overview of the situation in the European Union, 2010, Date of access: 19.1.2012.

Preventing racism, xenophobia and related intolerance in sport across the European Union, Country Report Slovenia, 2009, Peace Institute.

Article "FC Maribor fans have to provide excuses", Večer, 11.3.2009, Date of access: 19.1.2012.

Groups affected/interested Roma & Travelers, Africans/black people, National minorities
Type (R/D) Afrophobia, Nationalism, Anti-roma/ romaphobia, Xenophobia
Key socio-economic / Institutional Areas Sport
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