Indicator history

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Is there a formal national strategy on social and/or community cohesion?

Key Area:
Policies On Integration - Cohesion
17/02/2012 - 16:17
Short Answer

The formal national strategy concerning social and community cohesion is expressed mainly through the Plano Nacional de Acção para a Inclusão (PNAI) [National Action Plan for Inclusion], which presents the Portuguese national strategy in the area of poverty and social exclusion.

Qualitative Info

The Plano Nacional de Acção para a Inclusão (PNAI, 2003-2005) [National Action Plan for Inclusion] has the immigrant population as one of its main target groups (toghether with people with disabilities, children and older people). The second edition of PNAI (2006-2008) addressed immigration and disabilities through the lens of gender perspective and multiple discrimination. The third edition of PNAI (2008-2010) added also ethnic minorities as a target group.


PNAI, Plano Nacional de Acção para a Inclusão,, Date of access: 17.02.2012.

Groups affected/interested Migrants, Roma & Travelers, Ethnic minorities, Majority, Persons with disability
Type (R/D) Anti-migrant/xenophobia, On grounds of disability, Anti-roma/ romaphobia
Key socio-economic / Institutional Areas Integration - social cohesion
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