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Does nationality, citizenship serve as a ground for discrimination in access to public goods and services, employment and/or deprivation of economic and social rights?

Key Area:
Anti-discrimination Legislation & Implementation
16/12/2011 - 16:03
Short Answer


No. No explicit prohibition of discrimination of nationality and/or citizenship. 
Qualitative Info

After an important amendment in 2008, the Equal Treatment Act now abandoned a general exception of nationality and states in §§ 17 (2) and 31 (2) that the principle of equal treatment “does neither affect the regulations and conditions on immigration of citizens of third countries or stateless persons or their residence nor the treatment which arises from the legal status of the third-country nationals or stateless persons. In practice this means that discrimination on grounds of nationality would be considered as discrimination on grounds of ethnic origin.

Groups affected/interested Migrants, Refugees, Asylum seekers
Type (R/D) Nationalism
Key socio-economic / Institutional Areas Policing - law enforcement, Employment - labour market, Housing, Health and social protection, Education, Anti-discrimination, Daily life
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