In 2011, 7,198,946 (8.8 per cent) foreigners lived in Germany. Thereof 2,628,300 (3.2 per cent) were citizens of other EU Member States and 4,570,600 (5.6 per cent) were citizens of non-member countries.

In 2011, there were 45,098 applications for asylum (first-time applications). This constitutes an increase of 11 per cent compared to the previous year.
In 2011, the main countries of origin were Afghanistan, Iraq and Serbia.