There were 152 initiated proceedings referring to racism in 2011. The prosecutorial system recorded 158 new proceedings reffering to racism in the first six months of 2012. The courts passed 22 verdicts in the cases of hate crimes in the first six months of 2012. No racially motivated killing have been reported/recorded. As of 30 November 2011, the Human Rights Defender received 64 cases regarding discrimination on grounds of nationality/ethnicity or race, among which 57 were undertaken to inquire.